Rubber Plants - Care, Type, and Propagation
Welcome to the Topic “Rubber Plants - Care, Type, and Propagation”
Ficus elastica is a species of an evergreen tropical tree native to southern China, Southeast Asia, and Indonesia that makes an excellent houseplant: It is light-tolerant inside, and NASA has even suggested its air-purifying capabilities. Furthermore, the plant has an intriguing history. It has been used to create rubber, together with Hevea brasiliensis, for its latex sap—hence its nicknames, rubber fig and rubber tree; in tropical Northeastern India, Ficus elastica roots are even utilized to build remarkable "living bridges"!
Rubber plants need well-draining soil to prevent root rot. Between waterings, the soil should drain entirely. They do, however, like soil that retains water well and does not dry up too rapidly.
The Correct Lighting
Bright, indirect sunshine is ideal for rubber plants. They should ideally get morning light from an east-facing window. Place your plant near a window with a sheer curtain or drape to screen the light.
Avoid putting your rubber plant in direct sunlight since the leaves may begin to burn.
Water your Rubber Tree once every 1-2 weeks, allowing the soil to dry between waterings. When the plant is getting more light, such as in the spring or summer, choose the more frequent end of the range, and lower the frequency in the autumn or winter.
Ficus elastica is the botanical or scientific name for the rubber tree plant. The plant belongs to the banyan group within the fig genus, which is where the name ficus originates from.
Moraceae, a collection of tropical flowering plants with over 1100 species, is a plant family. Varieties of rubber trees include plants with variegated leaves, reddish foliage, miniature variants, and others. Here are a few examples of rubber tree plants:
- Ficus elastica “Decora”
- Ficus elastica “Burgundy”
- Ficus elastica “Doescheri”
- Ficus elastica “Sophia”
- Ficus elastica “Ruby”
- Ficus elastica “Tineke”
Rubber Plant Propagation
Rubber tree plants may grow extremely tall. Thus an indoor rubber tree should be trimmed on a regular basis. Instead of throwing away the prunings, utilize them to cultivate a rubber tree plant. Getting a good cutting is the first step in propagating a rubber tree plant from cuttings.
The cutting should be at least 6 inches (15 cm) long and have two pairs of leaves. The next stage in starting a rubber tree from cuttings is to remove the lowest set of leaves from the cutting. You may soak the slice in rooting hormone if you like. The rubber tree cutting should next be placed in damp but well-draining potting soil.
Cover the cutting with a jar or clear plastic, but make sure the unbroken leaves do not come into contact with the glass or plastic. If necessary, split the remaining leaves in half and remove the half that is not connected to the stem.
Place the rubber tree plant cutting in a warm, indirect-light environment. The rubber tree cutting should have formed roots after two to three weeks, at which point the covering may be removed.
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